NOVOSIBIRSK STATE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY
"Solyanoy Povorot Redoubt": NSPU professor assisted his student to open a local museum in the Omsk region

Private museums are a relatively new direction in the museum activity which is becoming more and more popular today. The opening of the museum in the village of Solyanoe is directly related to the scientific and pedagogical activities of Andrey Pavlovich Borodovsky, NSPU Professor of the Department of Theory, History of Culture and Museology, Doctor of Historical Sciences.

- Thirty years ago, my student and I went on expeditions covering the village of Solyanoe, Cherlaksky District, Omsk Region, and explored its territory. Later, I started studying the archeology of prisons. Twenty years’ active practice gave me the topic I could not ignore – the Irtysh defensive line - a well-equipped Siberian border that had existed in the Russian Empire for more than 150 years, - says Andrey Pavlovich. After the Soviet time, many objects of this archaeological border became inaccessible, in particular, the Yamyshevskaya fortress. But two years ago, Pavel Vasilyevich Chibyshev and I examined a rather interesting object, which turned out to be one of the few surviving defensive structures of the Irtysh line of the 18th century - the Solyanoy Povorot Redoubt.

The private local history museum "Solyanoy Povorot Redoubt" opened its doors this year thanks to hard work and perseverance of Andrey Pavlovich Borodovsky and Pavel Vasilyevich Chibyshev. At the moment, the exposition area is being under construction, collecting exhibits. The museum is planning to undertake a large-scale work: organizing excursions around the museum and the original site of the redoubt within the village itself; the museum library will not only collect books, but also publish teaching aids and anthologies.

– Recently we have published two methodological manuals for pupils and students. The first one was brought out in January 2021, and we also published an anthology called “Salt mining in the south of Western Siberia”, - the professor notes. - The library will be designed for a wide range of specialists including local historians, schoolchildren and students.

His experience in Korea, Japan and other countries helped Andrey Pavlovich make the museum especially interesting and unique. The museum authorities are trying to "be in trend", undertaking activities associated with important historical events. One of these is the 210th anniversary of the victory of the Russian army in the Patriotic War of 1812.

- In the central part of one of the halls we made a detailed replica-mannequin “the Soldier of 1812”. In the beginning, working on the Irtysh defensive line I managed to collect a large collection of military paraphernalia. There are findings related to the Russian imperial army, the trophies that the Cossacks brought from the Poles to the village of Solyanoe, - says Andrey Pavlovich.

We are currently busy with installing and delivering exhibits. The concept of the exhibition is called from antiquity to the present. The museum has a showcase dedicated to the Afghan war, scenes from the history of the Siberian Cossackdom. The most striking artifact presented in the museum is a cartridge bag of one of the 500 Polish soldiers who participated in the battle near Medyn in December 1812, when the Don Cossacks, led by Colonel Stepan Dmitrievich Ilovaisky, clashed with the 5th Horse Guards Regiment of the Duchy of Warsaw. The cartridge bag has become the museum logo.

There is another unique finding - an emblem in the form of a burning grenada from a shako or cartridge bag of a Russian infantryman, the model of 1806.

- In the near future I’m planning to write a review article on the military paraphernalia of the Irtysh defensive line using archeological findings from the 18th to the middle of the 19th century. These exhibits are very bright, just few museums have such treasure. In general, the collection of our museum is quite impressive: several thousand items of rare weapons, a couple of flintlock pistols have already been collected. These are stored in a special room, since museum requirements are now quite strict, - the professor emphasized.

The museum restored not only authentic exhibits but also the signal cannon which in the 18th century, according to written sources, was located on the territory of the redoubt. It is located in the central part of the museum hall.

Solyanoy Povorot Redoubt is the third private museum opened in the Omsk region recently.

Alexander Terentiev

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